NEW YORK, March 10 (Reuters) – SVB Financial Group Inc’s (SIVB.O) shutdown and takeover by banking regulators on Friday can be traced to the U.S. Federal Reserve boosting interest premiums and souring the chance hunger of investors.

In this article is the sequence of functions that led to Silicon Valley Bank’s failure:

FEDERAL RESERVE RAISES Prices

The Federal Reserve has been boosting desire costs from their history-very low stages because past year in its bid to fight inflation. Buyers have less urge for food for threat when the money out there to them will become highly-priced because of to the higher prices. This weighed on technology startups – the main customers of Silicon Valley Lender – mainly because it created their investors much more threat-averse.

SOME SILICON VALLEY Financial institution Clients Deal with Money CRUNCH

As larger interest prices caused the current market for initial community offerings to shut down for many startups and produced non-public fundraising more high-priced, some Silicon Valley Bank clientele began pulling funds out to satisfy their liquidity requirements. This culminated in Silicon Valley Bank searching for means this 7 days to satisfy its customers’ withdrawals.

A man puts a indication on the doorway of the Silicon Valley Bank as an onlooker watches at the bank’s headquarters in Santa Clara, California, U.S. March 10, 2023. REUTERS/Nathan Frandino

SILICON VALLEY Financial institution SELLS BOND PORTFOLIO AT A Decline

To fund the redemptions, Silicon Valley Financial institution bought on Wednesday a $21 billion bond portfolio consisting mostly of U.S. Treasuries. The portfolio was yielding it an typical 1.79%, much below the present-day 10-year Treasury yield of about 3.9%. This compelled SVB to acknowledge a $1.8 billion decline, which it necessary to fill by means of a funds raise.

SVB ANNOUNCES Inventory SALE

SVB announced on Thursday it would offer $2.25 billion in frequent equity and preferred convertible inventory to fill its funding gap. Its shares finished trading on the working day down 60%, as investors fretted that the deposit withdrawals might push it to raise even much more money.

Inventory SALE COLLAPSES

Some SVB customers pulled their revenue from the bank on the suggestions of undertaking funds corporations this kind of as Peter Thiel’s Long run Fund, Reuters noted. This spooked buyers this sort of as Typical Atlantic that SVB experienced lined up for the stock sale, and the capital increasing exertion collapsed late on Thursday.

SVB GOES INTO RECEIVERSHIP

SVB scrambled on Friday to discover substitute funding, together with by a sale of the corporation. Afterwards in the day, nevertheless, the Federal Deposit Insurance policy Company (FDIC) then introduced that SVB was shut down and put less than its receivership. The FDIC additional that it would seek to promote SVB’s property and that upcoming dividend payments may possibly be created to uninsured depositors.

Reporting by Greg Roumeliotis in New York editing by Edward Tobin

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